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Stress is a physiological and psychological response to any demand made by the organism. Our body responds to any demand with the classical fight or flight response. All of us have experienced the various components of this response some time or the other.

  1. Upset stomach-when blood is diverted to brain and muscles, thereby slowing digestion.
  2. Breathlessness – increased rate of breathing to supply more oxygen to muscles.
  3. Palpitations – the pounding sensation in the chest, as heart pumps blood more often, at a higher pressure.
  4. Sweating – Cooling the peripheral areas, conserving energy.
  5. Blood clotting – Chemicals released to enhance blood clotting.
  6. Sugar and fats pouring into the blood – we find more strength and endurance in crises situations.
  7. Restlessness – we keep walking to & from to spend extra energy.
  8. Tremors – signify the mounting anxiety and muscle tension.
  9. Syncope – sudden loss of consciousness in the face of overwhelming anxiety.

The stress response is also a psychological one because it depends on the ‘Mind Set’ or the state of mind at the time of receiving the stimulus and our pre existing attitudes & beliefs.



Emotional reason: Someone hurt your emotional feeling.

Family reason: Small or big dispute in the family.

Social reason: Mind upset due to misunderstanding in society.

Related to change: Sometimes due to unwanted change in life.

Related to work: When workload is more.

Related to Decisions: Due to wrong decision at any point of life.

Commuting:  Lack or excess of communication create misunderstanding that results into stress.

Phobias: If you have phobia of anything then it causes mental stress when your face it.

Physical agents: Excess physical work result into mental as well as physical stress.

Diseases: It is also a cause of stress. It creates physical and mental weakness.

Environmental: Sometimes our surrounding disturbs the calmness of mind.



Physical Stress is a major factor in causing or aggravating diseases. A few examples are:

  1. Hyper tension
  2. Coronary Heart disease
  3. Migraine
  4. Tension headaches
  5. Asthmatic conditions
  6. Skin diseases – eczemas, Dermatitis
  7. Chronic back pain
  8. Arthritis
  9. Allergies
  10. Hyper thyroids
  11. Vertigo or Reeling sensation
  12. Gastritis

Chronic stress may reduce the body’s immunity to infection.



  1. Decreased Capacity to concentrate
  2. Various anxiety Disorders
  3. Depression
  4. Apathy
  5. Harmful coping behavior Reactions- Smoking, Alcohol Abuse and Drug Abuse
  6. Lower job life satisfaction leading to low motivation.
  7.  Resistant and stubborn behavior.

Active – in the form of strikes

Passive – absenteeism, Resignation

All kind of stress are not harmful. Up to a point stress helps to improve the performance and is called “Eustress” or “well being” stress. Beyond a point it causes frustration and causes a decline in performance. Then it is called Distress.

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