HYPERTENSION – CAUSES & CURE

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HYPERTENSION “or “HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE” is an important avoidable root of heart disease, blindness and kidney malfunction. This higher the pressure, the greater the risk and lower the expectation of life.

WHAT IS HYPERTENSION?

Amplify the blood pressure above specified normal limits is called “Hypertension”. Only 50 % of the hypertensive population are conscious that they have the condition normalized by treatment. Due to dependency of hypertension on different risk factors, only 40 to 50 % people get benefited by treatment.

causes and cure of hypertension

TYPES OF RISK FOR HYPERTENSION:

It can be basically classified in two categories:

NON – MODIFIABLE RISK FACTORS:

a) Age: Blood pressure rises with age in both male and female. If someone has hypertension from early age their blood pressure increases more in comparison to those who suffer by it after certain age. Hypertension is not common before the age of 20 years.

b) Genetic Factors: Although their mode of inheritance is not very clear, babies’ of hypertensive parents have 45% possibility of budding hypertension.

 

MODIFIABLE RISK FACTORS:

a) Obesity: The greater the weight gain (in comparison to height), the greater the risk of high blood pressure.

b) Salt intake: High salt intake (i.e. more than 7-8 gm/day) increases blood pressure proportionately.

c) Fat intake: Animal fats (like ghee, butter, milk, cheese, eggs, meat and fish), which are of saturated variety raises blood cholesterol as well as blood pressure.

d) Alcohol: Intake of alcohol leads to a blood pressure evaluation.

e) Physical inactivity: Indirectly contributes to elevated blood pressure by increasing body weight.

f) Environmental stress: Various types of psycho – social factors operating in the domestic and work – environments will include hypertension.

g) Smoking: Increasing the blood pressure by 15 to 20 points for 15 minutes after a cigarette is smoked and increases the chances of heart-attack.

h) Other factors: Like birth control pills (Oral contraceptives), are also involved in causation of hypertension.

Certain diseases of the kidney, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland also produce hypertension. Pregnancy associated with hypertension sometimes leads to death of the baby and the mother.

 

HOW DOES HYPERTENSION MANIFEST?

There is no exact symptom of hypertension but the common features of moderate hypertension can be:

Early morning headache

Confusion

Nausea and vomiting

Attacks of anxiety palpitation (faster heart beat/pulse)

 

Feature of Severe Hypertension can be:

Heart attack

Stroke (Paralysis)

Spontaneous bleeding from nose

Enlargement of the heart

Breathlessness on exertion

Disorders of rhythm of the heart

Sudden death

 

PREVENTION OF HYPERTENSION

A small shift in the blood pressure levels towards lower levels of “biological normality” would produce a significant reduction in number of people suffering and also in the number of deaths.

The following measures are indicated for prevention.

a) DIETARY HABITS:

Reduction of salt intake (less-than 5 gm/day)

Moderate fat intake

Avoid alcohol intake

b) WEIGHT REDUCTION:

Appropriate body weight for height should be maintained (please see weight for height charts in topic on obesity).

c) PHYSICAL EXERCISE:

Regular physical exercises like brisk walking; jogging, swimming, playing, sports/games will reduce body weight, blood cholesterol and blood pressure.

d) LIFE STYLE CHANGES:

Nutrition’s diet

Try to sleep early and wake up early

Avoid smoking / Tobacco chewing

Stress reduction (Yoga, Meditation)

“Self – Care “(Self monitoring of blood pressure):

Particularly for those who are found on some or the other occasion, to be having high blood pressure.

 

High risk person for hypertension include

Persons above 30 years age

Persons with hypertensive parents

Obese persons

Chronic smokers and alcoholics

Persons on stressful and/or sedentary jobs

Females taking birth control pills.

 

Tips for high risk persons

Get your blood pressure recorded periodically (every month).

Measure your weight once consumption.

Check your blood cholesterol on advice of your doctor.

Practice stress – reduction measures.

Consult your doctor in the event of rise in blood pressure.

 

IF YOU ARE HYPERTENSIVE…..

Continue treatment as prescribed by the doctor.

Follow preventive measures as mentioned above.

 

PLEASE REMEMBER…..

All hypertensive cases do not automatically lead to dreadful complications. Many people with slightly elevated pressure do not require medication. Sensible health habits taught from childhood can reduce the risks of developing hypertension.

Hypertension is readily preventable.

Changes in life – styles and habits are the only ways for prevention.

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